Reforms required by the Indian education system

I feel that the Indian education system is highly flawed. That is the reason India is not able to make a place for itself in the global space. Children are not taught to be creative, not to steal ideas or to pursue what they are interested in. Instead, they are told to get better marks, which generally come when they successfully memorize huge parts of a textbook. This should not be the case. Instead, children should be told about the different career options they have. This reduces load of studies and creates interest, which in turn produces more efficient individuals. More educated individuals are more likely to innovate and create industries – something India needs desperately right now, in nearly complete absence of the manufacturing sector.


Children being educated in India miss out on a lot of aspects and personality development skills, thanks to the rigid marks system. It has a negative impact on children and their creativity. And it’s not just limited to this. This problem extends to colleges and jobs. And as we change it from the roots, we also will have to take necessary steps on the other two levels as well.

For the country to be successful in the long-term, the generation of tomorrow will need to be taught how to be creative, innovative and critical. These are already present in children, but we have to mold it and let the children develop it. There are fairly simple ways to make that happen. To make teachers’ job easier, we have a great past and culture. What we really need to do now is to teach kids how to use wisdom of the past and to solve problems of the present.

The Problems

There are multiple issues. The reason of these issues and their solution is the same word: innovation. This problem is caused due to lack of innovation in teaching style, syllabus and education pattern, and it can only be corrected by innovation. If we innovate enough, we can bring about many changes which will change things and make a positive impact.

The problem with innovation is that the people who have to do it have to be creative. And since most of all politicians and policy-makers are either illiterate or have not even gone to higher education institutions, and those who have are also trained in the same old way. So the few young people and teachers who are getting the stage have to promote it. And this change has to be gradual – not sudden – so teachers and students can easily cope up with it and become comfortable. Only after that will we see the change reflected in the country.

Even history taught in this country emphasizes on armies, wars and military aspects of different people or nations. No one actually discusses the positive things those conquerors did and the systems they created, and how efficient they were.

We are also desperately lacking a system of training teachers in a better way, and teachers already in the profession find it hard to alter their teaching methods. So we also have to find ways to improve training strategies and diversify them according to our needs.

The Solution

As I said, we need to innovate. We don’t just have to take into account how much we want to teach children, we also have to know what we want children to infer from it and how to convey it in a non-boring way. Changing children’s perception of the world and changing it to suit today’s world should be of utmost importance. This requires that everyone be capable of doing this. To enforce a better system, all components in it should be better. It starts with parents and goes on to school, college and job level. Doing it on one level is a start, but it won’t be enough.

Syllabus has to include activities which improves and creates a critical and analytical perspective in children and schools have to see to it that it gets enforced. Critical perspective means that students should be trained to look at both negative and positive sides of things, and then draw a verdict. I believe this helps a lot when one enters the professional world. Creativity can be brought into the picture by introducing writing elements involving out-of-the-box thinking. Assignments more than just question answers and research being made compulsory for the higher classes might be an interesting prospect.

When syllabus is changed to more modern ways, teachers must be able to adopt to it, so sudden change is just not possible. And when these children are taught, and they become parents and teachers themselves one day, this process will pick up speed since they will be comfortable teaching a new and different pattern. Children should be taught never to stop learning and to take lessons from every event in life. This will give them the experience and motivation to go on.

And as education changes, so will the industry. When people know how many fields are practically untouched in India, the manufacturing sector will come up. And this means ample opportunities and better economy. Look at how much impact can be created.

This is lacking most in state syllabi, which focus more on textbooks and theory rather than real life practicality.

Solutions being implemented

Many have identified this problem and work has already begun in this direction. Private schools train their staff to teach in this way. Teachers are being taught how to create an interactive classroom environment, and building creative skills of children by simple activities like drawing, story writing are being done. And since this affects students’ marks, they also take it seriously. Along with this, computer literacy – which is very important in this digital world – is also being implemented more seriously.

Debates and sports, which are also important parts of the overall education picture were always given importance, so I didn’t write about them. But even more sports are being introduced and this will help more people secure college seats in the sports quota. That’s a good thing.

CBSE has created a new framework for education called CCE, which stands for Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation. The following is an extract from the CCE website.

CCE helps in improving student’s performance by identifying his/her learning difficulties at regular time intervals right from the beginning of the academic session and employing suitable remedial measures for enhancing their learning performance.

The scheme of continuous and comprehensive evaluation has inbuilt flexibility for schools to plan their own academic schedules as per specified guidelines on CCE.


Let’s hope this is the right step, and things are going to change for the better. I admit that this article is not complete. Many problems might not be listed, solutions missing. I already know I didn’t write all the steps already being taken in the positive direction. I listed CCE so particularly because to me, it seems like the only real effort from the government’s side to make things better. As I said, this is a start, but it won’t be enough.


One comment

  1. I believe its a marvelous article, but the fact that teachers are showing far too much negativity to the new system is having a bad impact on the students. They believe that students from the new curriculum are only going to make the country worse is quite demotivating. Such words are only the result of their own frustration as they have no idea how to use a computer whatsoever and the fact that those whom they teach are more than just capable of teaching them in that particular field hurts their ego.

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